FAQ

What is an Emerging Market?

Emerging Market countries are defined periodically by MSCI and FTSE.  As of December 31, 2016 these countries are Brazil, Chile, China, Columbia, Czech Republic, Egypt, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Russia, Qatar, South Africa, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey and United Arab Emirates.

What differentiates Cartica from other Emerging Market funds?

We believe we are the only global emerging markets fund which takes an active ownership approach to investing.  We are a concentrated, high conviction investor, typically holding between 15-25 positions at any one time.  We are a strong believer in differentiating between the countries that comprise the Emerging Market indexes, whereas other funds may closely track the index weightings and may be invested in all Emerging Markets at once.  While there are commonalities among Emerging Market countries, the investment opportunities, macro environments, regulations and investable universe within them can vary widely.  As a result, our country allocation can vary significantly from the benchmark.

What is Emerging Market activism and how does that compare to US style activism?

Over 80% of listed companies in the Emerging Markets are majority controlled by a founder, family, group or a governmental entity (i.e., state-owned).  When dealing with a majority-owner, we do not believe that proxy contests, shareholder coalitions or other public US-style activism tactics are likely to be successful in our markets.

Therefore, we attempt to privately persuade companies to make changes in their governance, capital structure and allocation, dividend policy, asset base and/or disclosure policies often times in an effort to increase liquidity, price discovery and to facilitate multiple expansion.  We take a long-term view to value creation, with an investment horizon generally measured in years, not months.

What is Corporate Governance?

Corporate governance is the set of structures and processes by which companies are controlled and managed.  As a result of improvements in these processes, value can be created through changes in capital structure and allocation, dividend policy, asset sale, disclosure and risk management policies.  Improvements in Corporate Governance is an essential component of Cartica’s unique investment philosophy of Active Ownership in the Emerging Markets.

How does Cartica integrate Environmental, Social and Governance issues in its investment process?

The Cartica ESG Methodology is hardwired into Cartica’s pre- and post-investment process and is a proprietary methodology we use to identify, evaluate, and implement potential value-adding changes in ESG practices.  Key elements of this process include (1) a thorough understanding of the integrity of a company’s controlling shareholders, if any, and its management team, (2) a review of its governance structure and (3) an analysis of material environmental and social risks that may impact the company as well as recommendations to mitigate such risks.

Does Cartica have an independent Board of Directors?

Cartica funds are governed by a five-person Board of Directors, which includes three independent members.